Sunday, May 24, 2020
Electron density is a representation of the probability of finding an electron in a specific location around an atom or molecule. In general, the electron is more likely to be found in regions with high electron density. However, due to the uncertainty principle, its not possible to identify the exact location of an electron at any instant in time. For a system with a single electron, electron density is proportion to the square of its wavefunction. X-ray diffraction crystallography is one technique used to measure electron density. When the concept is applied to free radicals, it is called spin density. This is the total electron density of one spin minus the electron density of electrons with the other spin. Neutron diffraction is used to map spin density.
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Religion played a minor but important role in the conflict in Syria. A United Nations report released in late 2012 said that the conflict was becoming Ã¢â¬Å"overtly sectarianÃ¢â¬ in some parts of the country, with SyriaÃ¢â¬â¢s various religious communities finding themselves on the opposite sides of the fight between the government of President Bashar al-Assad and SyriaÃ¢â¬â¢s fractured opposition. Growing Religious Divide At its core, the civil war in Syria is not a religious conflict. The dividing line is oneÃ¢â¬â¢s loyalty to AssadÃ¢â¬â¢s government. However, some religious communities tend to be more supportive of the regime than others, fueling mutual suspicion and religious intolerance in many parts of the country. Syria is an Arab country with a Kurdish and Armenian minority. In term of religious identity, most of the Arab majority belong to the Sunni branch of Islam, with several Muslim minority groups associated with Shiite Islam. Christians from different denominations represent a smaller percentage of the population. The emergence among anti-government rebels of hard-line Sunni Islamist militias fighting for an Islamic state has alienated the minorities. Outside interference fromÃ Shiite Iran, Islamic State militants who seek to includeÃ Syria as part of their widespread caliphate and Sunni Saudi ArabiaÃ makes matters worse, feeding into the wider Sunni-Shiite tension in the Middle East. AlawitesÃ President Assad belongs to the Alawite minority, an offshoot of Shiite Islam that is specific to Syria (with small population pockets in Lebanon). The Assad family has been in power since 1970 (Bashar al-Assads father, Hafez al-Assad, served as president from 1971 until his death in 2000), and although it presided over a secular regime, many Syrians think Alawites have enjoyed privileged access to top government jobs and business opportunities. After the outbreak of the anti-government uprising in 2011, the vast majority of Alawites rallied behind the Assad regime, fearful of discrimination if the Sunni majority came to power. Most of the top rank in Assads army and intelligence services are Alawites, making the Alawite community as a whole closely identified with the government camp in the civil war. However, a group of religious Alawite leaders claimed independence from Assad recently, begging the question of whether the Alawite community is itself splintering in its support of Assad. Sunni Muslim Arabs A majority of Syrians are Sunni Arabs, but they are politically divided. True, most of the fighters in rebel opposition groups under theÃ Free Syrian ArmyÃ umbrella come from the Sunni provincial heartlands, and many Sunni Islamists donÃ¢â¬â¢t consider Alawites to be real Muslims. The armed confrontation between largely Sunni rebels and the Alawite-led government troops at one point led some observers to see SyriaÃ¢â¬â¢s civil war as a conflict between Sunnis and Alawites. But, itÃ¢â¬â¢s not that simple. Most of the regular government soldiers fighting the rebels are Sunni recruits (though thousands have defected to various opposition groups), and Sunnis hold leading positions in the government, the bureaucracy, the ruling Baath Party and the business community. Some businessmen and middle-class Sunnis support the regime because they want to protect their material interests. Many others are simply scared by Islamist groups within the rebel movements and donÃ¢â¬â¢t trust the opposition. In any case, the bedrock of support from sections of the Sunni community has been key to AssadÃ¢â¬â¢s survival. Christians The Arab Christian minority in Syria at one time enjoyed relative security under Assad, integrated by the regimeÃ¢â¬â¢s secular nationalist ideology. Many Christians fear that this politically repressive but religiously tolerant dictatorship will be replaced by a Sunni Islamist regime that will discriminate against minorities, pointing to the prosecution of Iraqi Christians by Islamist extremists after the fall of Saddam Hussein. This led to the Christian establishment: the merchants, top bureaucrats, and religious leaders, to support the government or at least distance themselves from what they saw as a Sunni uprising in 2011. And although there are many Christians in the ranks of the political opposition, such as the Syrian National Coalition, and among the pro-democracy youth activists, some rebel groups now consider all Christians to be collaborators with the regime. Christian leaders, meanwhile, are now faced with the moral obligation to speak out against Assads extreme violence and atrocities against all Syrian citizens regardless of their faith. The Druze Ismailis The Druze and the Ismailis are two distinct Muslim minorities believed to have developed out of the Shiite branch of Islam. Not unlike other minorities, The Druze and Ismailis fear that the regimeÃ¢â¬â¢s potential downfall will give way to chaos and religious persecution. The reluctance of their leaders to join the opposition has often been interpreted as tacit support for Assad, but that isnt the case. These minorities are caught between extremist groups like the Islamic State, Assads military and opposition forces in what one Middle East analyst, Karim Bitar, from the think tank IRIS calls the tragic dilemma of religious minorities. Twelver Shiites While most Shiites in Iraq, Iran, and Lebanon belong to the mainstream Twelver branch, this principal form of Shiite Islam is only a tiny minority in Syria, concentrated in parts of the capital city of Damascus. However, their numbers swelled after 2003 with the arrival of hundreds of thousands of Iraqi refugees during the Sunni-Shiite civil war in that country. Twelver Shiites fear a radical Islamist takeover of Syria and largely support the Assad regime. With SyriaÃ¢â¬â¢s ongoing descent into conflict, some Shiites moved back to Iraq. Others organized militias to defend their neighborhoods from Sunni rebels, adding yet another layer to the fragmentation of SyriaÃ¢â¬â¢s religious society.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Memo Review XBCOM/230 Whenever an individual is doing work for a division of an organization, it is important to transmit information to other divisions and the supervisors. The executive vice president wanted information on stock values therefore the memo should have been professional and correct. The data in the memo should have a description to the organizational officials. We will write a custom essay sample on Memo Review or any similar topic only for you Order Now The use of jargon in a memo is not professional. Jargon, rubber stamp, and cliches are usual for accountants to use when they are interacting with other accountants. Rubber stamps convey the result of usual treatment, unlikely to win over readers positively. This kind of treatment inform readers that the author does not have particular concern for them, and the current case is dealt with in the same manner as others (Rentz, Flatley, Lentz, 2011). Summarized under are the modifications in the interoffice memo pertaining to the accounting jargon and abbreviations. The interoffice memo requested that we provide a review of last in/first out (LIFO) against first in/first out (FIFO). The memo alters from casual to official while revising the data. In this instance, the memo is about the FIFO and LIFO techniques and the outcomes of the techniques of the organization. Description is needed for each valuation technique with regard to the profit and loss on the income statement as well as the cost of goods sold (COGS). The final part regarding the legal action by MacyÃ¢â¬â¢s is not required to incorporate since this information has no effect on the retail industryÃ¢â¬â¢s inventory valuation techniques. The accounting jargon of elastic pricing as well as an inflationary economic time alters to professional phrasing. In the matter of elastic pricing, it will be suitable to say that the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s rates are flexible within the industry requirements. Thus, the inventory techniques must reflect this to keep a profit. As getting into a time the rising cost of living, inflationary economic times have a description. Both of these modifications will suggest the senior officials what is important to think about without adding useless information. The final portion of the memo should stress the regulation; regardless of what inventory valuation the organization determines to use it should carry on using this technique for the whole accounting cycle. An associated suggestion, depending on the last fiscal statement adds this to assist with this process or a reason of how each inventory technique would impact the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s profit would be essential. After doing the overview of the interoffice memo, a worker will frequently find there are modifications made prior to delivery to the supposed receiver. Proofreading and editing is essential to get rid of interoffice jargon and abbreviations. The memo should meet the requirements needed information and the place of the individual receiving it. Business communication can be official or casual based on the relationship of the individuals communicating, and the ultimate location of each communication. This is important to keep in mind when crafting any business communication. References: Rentz, K. , Flatley, M. E. , Lentz, P. (2011). LesikarÃ¢â¬â¢s business communication: Connecting in A digital world (12th ed. ). Boston, Ma: McGraw-Hill. How to cite Memo Review, Papers Memo Review Free Essays Occasionally a person working with a department at a company is required to pass on information to another department or a supervisor. Because the executive vice president has requested information on inventory valuations, it is necessary to make this memo professional and accurate. The use of information must be explained to the company officers so it should be considered that they are not aware of the jargon used by accountants. We will write a custom essay sample on Memo Review or any similar topic only for you Order Now Summarized below are the changes in the interoffice memo relating to accounting jargon and abbreviations. Also included is the requested information on First In First Out (FIFO) and Last In First Out (LIFO) method, but this topic is changed for easier understanding. When revising the memo it is changed from casual to professional and formal. In this case the memo in question is concerning the FIFO and LIFO methods and the effects of the methods on the company. This requires explaining each valuation method in terms of the profit and loss on the income statement and the Cost of Goods Sold (COGS). This needs to be detailed without being condescending. The last paragraph about the lawsuit by MacyÃ¢â¬â¢s is not necessary to include since this information does not affect the retail industryÃ¢â¬â¢s inventory valuations methods. The accounting jargon of elastic pricing and an inflationary economic time needs to be changed to professional wording. In the case of elastic pricing, it would be appropriate to state that the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s prices are flexible because of the industry demands, so the inventory methods need to reflect this to maintain a profit. Inflationary economic time can be explained as coming into a period of inflation. These two changes will advise the senior officers what is important to consider without adding unnecessary information The last part of the memo that must be stressed is the law that state no matter which inventory valuation the company decides to use it must continue to use this method for the complete accounting cycle. An accompanying recommendation based on the previous financial statement could be added to help with this process or an explanation on how each inventory method would affect the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s profit would be important. Upon completing the review of the interoffice memo an employee will often find there must be changes made before it can be sent on to the intended recipient. This will require eliminating interoffice jargon and abbreviations. The memo must meet the requirements of the demand of information and the station of the person receiving it. Business communication can be formal or casual depending on the relationship of the people interacting and the final destination of each communication. This is important to remember when composing any business communication. References Leisker, R. V. , Flatley, M. E. , Rentz, K. (2008). Business communication: Making connections in a digital world (11th ed. ). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill. University of Phoenix Online. (2010). Business Communications for Accountants. University of Phoenix: Accounting Memo. How to cite Memo Review, Papers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Conceptualising Recovery in Mental Health Rehabilitation. Answer: Introduction: Mental well-being and mental health are the prime aspects of a persons life. WHO statistics have shown that 15 % of the world population suffers from some or the other mental illness. Psychological problems and mental health illness contribute to reduce the quality of life and opportunities for a person. In this essay we would discuss how mental health issues plague the adults in New Zealand. According to a survey conducted for the year 2012-2013 one in every 6 adults is suffering from some mental disorder or illness in New Zealand. These illnesses can be as common as anxiety, bipolar disorder and depression. According to this survey about 200, 000 adults that are around 6 % of the adult population of the country suffers from psychological distress. The highest rate of 24% has been noted for adult women between 35-44 years of age. In this essay the chosen age group are woman age between 35 to 45 years of age, this age were characterized by Erikson as generatively verses self-absorpti on. In general at this stage the middle adulthood tend to be the most productive age towards family, qualification as profession and high social contribution in society to supporting the next generation. On the other hand the feel of frustration and unrealistic goals in life can create self-absorption. If we look deeper middle age women tend to be the subject of reproductive experience of possible pregnancy , infertility and menopause at this strange and early in life. These issue may have the impact on woman physical and mental health such as depression , anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder and others mental illnesses. Many researchers have concluded through their studies that social environment is the factor that is prominent in the development of many mental developments. In the recent decades social exclusion/ inclusion has come up numerous times when discussing about social disadvantage. Numerous researches in Europe and UK have been conducted to determine the link between social exclusion and disability but not many studies have been done on the link between social exclusion and mental health issues. According to the paper presented by Susan Cuthbert titled Mental health and Social Inclusion concepts and Measurements adults suffering from mental health issues are the most excluded group in the society. This exclusion affects their everyday lives as they are not able to enjoy their life in community and the society. The Mental Health Foundation of New Zealand and Like Minds, Like Mine conducted a research under the title Respect costs nothing in the year 2004 that reports about the discrimination that the people experience if they suffer from mental illness in the society. People with health issues reported discrimination on all levels in their lives whether it be education, housing, employment in the hands of their family, friends and community. This discrimination forces them to feel excluded from social gatherings and thus preventing them to take part in many activities. Lets first understand what social inclusion means, it is a multidimensional and complex process that involves the denial or lack of resources, services, goods and rights which in turn leads to the inability to take part in activities and to form normal relationships. Only a small portion of the society is subject ed to this discrimination that affects the quality of life of these individuals(Levitas, 2006),(Levitas R, 2007). Social inclusion depends on four systems that are legal and democratic system, the labor market, community system and family and the welfare system. The person only feels a sense of belonging when all the four systems are there. These four systems are equally crucial and important. Social inclusion also depends on the two concepts of rights and participation. When social inclusion has a right based approach citizens are excluded when they are deprived of their citizenship right. This refers to the economic, civil, cultural and social rights of the individuals in the community. The citizens have these rights that are present in international as well as domestic legislature. Huxley in the year 2012 highlighted through his research that right based approach is important in mental health(Huxley P, 2012). It is due to the fact that if a person is excluded that he is being den ied his right that he or she is entitled to. These rights include political and civil rights that they are being denied. The mental health legislature in the New Zealand states that even during treatment these individuals have the right to be treated with respect and dignity whether the treatment is involuntary or voluntary. A participatory approach is the one that focuses on the extent of participation of the individual in their social environment. This approach involves the identification of the activities through which a person is involved in the community and society around them. Some of these activities could be work, education and social interaction with family and friends. Employment is a large component of any ones life but barriers like self-stigma and discrimination affects it. Self-stigma occurs due to lack of self-esteem and confidence which is a result of the discrimination a person faces in the society(Crisp A. H., 2000)(Thornicroft G., 2007). There are also some overl apping concepts with social inclusion some of which are poverty, social model of disability, recovery, quality of life and discrimination(Silver H, 2003). Social inclusion is a more wider and broader term for deprivation in context to poverty. Poverty is material, economic and resource based deprivation that is in total contrast to social inclusion(Morgan C, 2007). In social inclusion loss of meaningful relationship, discrimination and loss of roles occurs that affects the mental well-being of a person(Link B, 2004). Another overlapping concept to social inclusion is Social model of Disability which states that a person suffering from some kind of disability is a disadvantage to the society. Sayce through his research showed the link between the social model of disability and social inclusion(Sayce, 2000). He stressed how people with mental health issues can only achieve social inclusion when our society changes. Other researchers as Repper and Perkins have also supported the need of social reintegration as the most important factor for recovery in mentally ill(Perkins, 2003). These researchers have focused on the society who excludes these people rather than just concentrating on the excluded. Recovery which is living in the absence or presence of a mental illness is used in different ways. It is also used to define the personal journey that a person takes to get well. Social inclusion is included in social recovery but many argue that recovery is linked to medical model and individual pathology. Discrimination and social inclusion are strongly linked as they give rise to one another. Discrimination stands for the unfavorable treatment of a person from another person in similar circumstances or situation. It can be both indirect and direct. This barrier to social inclusion prevents a person to participate in everyday activities and to exercise their rights. There are numerous other barriers to social inclusion such as self-stigma, lack of support and mental impairment. (Hills, 2002) The Blue print II is a bold vision that focuses on improving the mental well-being and health of all New Zealanders. It is a ten year recovery approach that is independent and evidence based advice from the Mental Health Commission of New Zealand. Through this recovery model everyone will participate in protecting the mental well-being. This approach will focus on people who have addiction issues along with mental health problems. It will also focus on indigenous people where Whanau or well-being involves the equal participation of their family members. There are numerous priorities in this model as the Mental Health commission has realized that we need to respond earlier in order to provide a good start to children associated with addiction issues. This model especially focuses on adults that suffer from addiction and mental health issues as these individuals need support to return to normal functioning, to be independent and to remain healthy. The Mental health commission has reali zed that minor changes wont do any good but a stepped care approach is needed to promote self-care. This can only be achieved through ensuring that the ringfence funds that were set in blueprint I stage are flexible enough to extend and integrate all specialist, community and primary services. The monitoring of the model will be done through regular sector visits and public reporting that provides information about the progress at service and population level. The Blueprint I which was published in the year 1998 provided services to the 3% most severely affected people with addiction and mental health issues. But with Blueprint II the Mental Health Commission is broadening the focus through inter agency partners and broader healthcare. This recovery model is also not a government policy same as the Blueprint I as it is an independent advice by the Mental Health Commission of New Zealand. Through 1998 to 2005 with the Blueprint I the policy focus was on severely mentally ill people b ut there is an acknowledgement in the society about the needs of people who are suffering from moderate and mild mental health issues. The mental health addiction strategy TeTehuhu (2005-2015) along with the associated plan Te Kakiri (2006-2015) has broadened the focus from severely affected. Since the year 2005 there is a constant progress in development of primary mental health initiatives that promotes self-help activity such as Like minds, like mine, destigmatisation campaign and The National Depression. Along with this government agencies has increased their focus on addiction and mental health issues by launching initiatives that influence care of young people and support them to get back on the workforce. Adults with addiction and mental health issues are encouraged to take part in building of their own treatment plans. This recovery model has a people directed and people centered approach which works well in partnership with people who suffer from addiction and mental health issues. The model that was already developed and introduced in Blueprint I has only grown stronger with the introduction of Blueprint II. The need to provide stronger partnership in services along with information, self-determination in shaping policies at national level has been recognized. The central point of any social inclusion strategy or initiative is the belief that individuals suffering from mental health issues will make a positive and practical contribution to their surroundings. Arguably the most crucial group to consider in partnership in mental health services formation is the Service users(Gawith, 2006).The Ministry of Health strategic document titled Rising to the challenge 2012-2017: Mental Health and Addiction Service Development plan continues to focus on recovery. Lurie in the year 2005 stated that New Zealand in a way changed the direction as to how mental health policies were formulated and designed. It was in the year 1994 that the New Zealand government following the trend of introducing strategic plans introduced Looking Forward: Strategic directions of The Mental Health services plan. Another plan Moving forward: The National Mental Health Plan for More and Better services in 1997 was introduced that focused on the resources needed. In the year 1998 Like Minds, Like mine was set up that increased the awareness about mental illness through media programs and campaigns. But it was only in the year 2014 that Te Tahuhu, our lives in 2014 that was a New Zealand Mental Health and Addiction plan focused on service users visions. This document was about the Tangata whaiora who is a person seeking wellness. It included the statement that mentally ill people wanted a society and Whanau that values them as participating members who have the same opportunities and rights. Te Tahuhu had an associated plan that was Te Kokiri that provided services that especially focused on the needs of community, Whanau/ family and the service providers. All these strategies and policies emphasize the tenets of social inclusion and stress on the fact that all citizens should have equal opportunities to take part in the society, have productive relationships and involvement in the workforce. These plans focused on building of partnerships between NGOs, mental health services users, clinical provider services and the Ministry of Health. They also highlighted the partnership between education, justice, social services, correction, housing, and employment. Therapeutic relationships and nursing has been the topic of numerous studies since the 1950s. A continued commitment to work in partnership with the mental health patient is needed by every nurse who work with these individuals. Partnership in Coping is a recovery model that was designed in Australia that applied the recovery oriented approach to nursing practice. This model draws on the holistic perspective of mental health nursing(Lloyd C, 2008). Where the nurse has numerous informal contacts with the patient, has a positive and healing relationship with the client and has knowledge about the patient(Webb, 2013). This model focuses on the strengths of the service users. This model focuses on the notion that patient has the understanding about their needs. The nurse should work in collaboration with the patient and consider their cultural beliefs and background(Beggs, 2013). It emphasizes the service user involvement in their recovery. It draws on the commitment of nursing that ther apeutic relationships work well in partnership. This partnership of two people working together in order achieve a common goal works well in mental healthcare(Wand T, 2015). Nurses need to support their patients in understanding their experiences as they should refrain themselves to explain the experiences for the patients(Lowe, 2001). The informal nature and holistic approach are the most crucial aspects of nursing that are needed when working with mental health patients. This model is about six steps which include development of conditions that facilitates the user, identify the concern of the patients, negotiate the goals with the service users, identify the strategies that the patient is using to cope and offer new ones if they are unable to identify the strategies for themselves, apply these strategies and measure the outcome(Martensson, et al., 2014). In each of these steps there is a clear involvement of the service user in their recovery. A nurse should focus on negotiated c are and in the development of a dependable and consistent relationship with the patient. Best way to evaluate patient need in mental health is to focus not only on physical health but the social support interaction for example:- family and social contact, such as friends and community contribution. Encourage and providing an ongoing support from mental health profession team can enhance patient's recovery and promoting social inclusion(Repper, 2010) Conclusion The people who suffer from mental illnesses need psycho-social assistance along with clinical care. They need the support of their family, health professionals and friends to encompass interpersonal relationships, work, education, leisure activities, housing, transport and income. The recovery process for them is a self-directed transition towards a meaningful life but they need continuous support to achieve it. This support involves a range of services, opportunities, social inclusion and responsibility. Therefore to provide an effective mental health care an integration is needed in primary, secondary and tertiary services at all levels. Social stigma, and discrimination faced by the mentally ill are barriers to their recovery therefore awareness is needed in the society. Responsibility and empowerment are key aspects of recovery which health professionals should always focus on(Drinkwater, 2013). They should work on the notion that mentally ill are capable of understanding their n eeds and can work along with them to recover well. As through this essay we came to know social inclusion is linked to a persons recovery it is crucial that the discrimination that these people experience in the society should be minimized(Diener, 2011). This discrimination is impacting their lives and preventing them to enjoy and function normally. It is a basic human right to have relationships with other people but discrimination and stigma prevents the mentally ill to practice this right. References Beggs, G. (2013). Nimbin: An alternative culture, an alternative clinical approach an integrated community mental health drug and alcohol nurse practitioner approach. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 65-69. Crisp, A.H, Gelder, M.G,Rix, S.,Meltzer,H. I, Rowlands, O.J, (2000). Stigmatisation of people with mental illnesses. British Journal of Psychiatry, 177(1), 47. Diener, E. . Chan, M.Y (2011). Happy people live longer: Subjective well-being contributions to health and longevity. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-being, 3(1), 67-74. Drinkwater, V. (2013). Collaborative approach to the management of acute behavioural disturbance. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 31(2), 6. Gawith, L. P. (2006). Long Journey to recovery for Kiwi consumers:Recent developments in mental health policy and pratcice in New Zealand . Australian Psychologist , 140-148. Hills, J. L. (2002). Understanding social exclusion. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Huxley P, Evans S,Madge S,Webber M,Burchardt T,McDaid D,Knapp M. (2012). Development of a social inclusion index to capture subjective and objective life domains (Phase II): psychometric development study. Health Technol Assess., 16(1), 1-24 L., Sayce. (2000). From Psychiatric Patient to Citizen: Overcoming Discrimination and Social Exclusion. . London: Palgrave. Levitas R, Pantazis, C, Fahmy, E, Gordon, D, Lloyd,E, Patsios, D, (2007). The Multi-Dimensional Analysis of Social Exclusion. Bristol: University of Bristol. Levitas, R. (2006). The concept and measurement of social exclusion. Bristol: Policy Press. Link B, Phelan JC (2004). Fear of people with mental illness: the role of personal and impersonal contact and exposure to threat or harm. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour. , 45(1), 68-80. Lloyd, C., Waghorn, G., Williams, P. (2008). Conceptualising Recovery in Mental Health Rehabilitation.The British Journal Of Occupational Therapy,71(8), 321-328. Lowe, J., Struthers, R. (2001). A Conceptual Framework of Nursing in Native American Culture.Journal Of Nursing Scholarship,33(3), 279-283. Martensson, G., Jacobsson, J., Engstrm, M. (2014). Mental health nursing staff's attitudes towards mental illness: an analysis of related factors.Journal Of Psychiatric And Mental Health Nursing, 21(9), 782-788. Morgan, C., Burns, T., Fitzpatrick, R., Pinfold, V., Priebe, S. (2007). Social exclusion and mental health: Conceptual and methodological review.The British Journal Of Psychiatry,191(6), 477-483. Repper, J. and Perkins, R. (2003). Social Inclusion and Recovery. Edinburgh.: Balliere Tindal. Repper, J. (2003). Adjusting the focus of mental health nursing: Incorporating service users' experiences of recovery.Journal Of Mental Health,9(6), 575-587. Silver H, Miller, S.M. (2003). Social exclusion: the European approach to social disadvantage. Indicators, 45(2), 1-17. Thornicroft, G., Rose, D., Kassam, A., Sartorius, N. (2007). Stigma: ignorance, prejudice or discrimination?.The British Journal Of Psychiatry,190(3), 192-193. Wand, T., D'Abrew, N., Barnett, C., Acret, L., White, K. (2015). Evaluation of a nurse practitioner-led extended hours mental health liaison nurse service based in the emergency department.Australian Health Review,39(1), 1. Webb, K. C. (2013). Expanding the clinical practice domains and developing collaborative models of care - The mental health nurse and family based treatment (FBT) for young people and their families who are experiencing anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa. International journal of mental health nursing , 3-4. Mental Health Commission. November 1998. Blueprint for Mental Health Services in New Zealand: How things need to be. Wellington: Mental Health Commission.
Tuesday, March 31, 2020
Most people like to believe that they are independent-free of a pack, their own person, unswayable by peer pressure. Is this actually true? Some philosophers and sociologists actually believe that there is wisdom in crowds and that many people are guided through life by a sense of wanting to belong. So which is actually true? How many times have you heard the sentence Im an individual, just like everybody else! Or My friends and I are all individuals. We just agree a lot. The fact of the matter is that most people seek out a crowd or a tribe of like minded people to belong to. The sentence Im an individual just like everybody else is just about as popular as the idea that no man is an island. When it comes to independence, many people try to strike a balance. In America, children and adults alike seek out like minded individuals to form alliances with. We will write a custom essay sample on Being Independent or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page These friendships and relationships are based on a common philosophy or ideology and while this sameness is the reason for the bond, the individual parties struggle to retain their individual independence. This can often lead to a sociological kind of nomad-ness as people drift from group to group trying to find the best fit for themselves. Politically speaking, independence is what happens when a new nation is formed and declares itself free of the laws and rules of the country that it used to belong to. The United States declared its Independence from England a couple of centuries ago, Bolivia declared its independence form the Ottoman Empire-the list of independence declarations is as long as history itself. Much like individuals, nations that declare their independence immediately try to model their rules and regulations upon other models that they admire. They build themselves up while searching for other nations to form allegiances with-nations that they can trade with, fight with and, ultimately, live with in harmony. Even in a broad sense, the need to belong and forge relationships wins out over complete independence. There is not one nation that does not interact with the rest of the globe in at least a few capacities. The truth of the matter is that political independence is starting to slowly become less important. While each nation wants to retain an individual identity, thanks to things like global trade and the free exchange of ideas, the relationships between nations are getting tighter. Many people call this the shrinking of the world as individual nations give up their independence to be a part of the global community. In conclusion, it looks like true independence isnt true at all. Independence is declared in a number of degrees-a need to retain ones individual sense of self while still belonging to a group. Nobody wants to be left alone completely. Even those who say that they are more comfortable spending time alone still have a few relationships that they rely on. For more information on independence, visitÃ http://
Saturday, March 7, 2020
28 Serious Quotes From British Comedian Charlie Chaplin Charlie Chaplin (1889-1977) became a star well before movies had sound. But his talent to turn the tragedies of everyday people into epic comedies has made him immortal on the silver screen as he played everything from a tramp to a buffoon dictator. The following quotes consist of Chaplins observations on his life, career, and the study of human nature. Charlie Chaplin on Laughter and a Positive Outlook A day without laughter is a day wasted.To truly laugh, you must be able to take your pain, and play with it!Youll never find a rainbow if youre looking down.Failure is unimportant. It takes courage to make a fool of yourself. On Despair and Tragedy Despair is a narcotic. It lulls the mind into indifference.I always like walking in the rain, so no one can see me crying.Life is a tragedy when seen in close-up, but a comedy in long-shot.Nothing is permanent in this wicked world, not even our troubles.The saddest thing I can imagine is to get used to luxury.We might as well die as to go on living like this. Chaplins Comedy and Career All I need to make a comedy is a park, aÃ policeman, and a pretty girl.I dont believe that the public knows what it wants; this is the conclusion that I have drawn from my career.I went into the business for the money, and the art grew out of it. If people are disillusioned by that remark, I cant help it. Its the truth.The basic essential of a great actor is that he loves himself in acting.Imagination means nothing without doing.Why should poetry have to make sense? On Human Nature A mans true character comes out when hes drunk.I am at peace with God. My conflict is with Man.I am for people. I cant help it.We think too much and feel too little.What do you want a meaning for? Life is a desire, not a meaning.We all want to help one another. Human beings are like that. We want to live by each others happiness, not by each others misery. On Beauty and Understanding I do not have much patience with a thing of beauty that must be explained to be understood.If it does need additional interpretation by someone other than the creator, then I question whether it has fulfilled its purpose. On Politics I remain just one thing, and one thing only, and that is a clown. It places me on a far higher plane than any politician.The hate of men will pass, and dictators die, and the power they took from the people will return to the people. And so long as men die, liberty will never perish.Dictators free themselves, but they enslave the people.Id sooner be called a successful crook than a destitute monarch.
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Home Nursing - Dissertation Example The American Indians also had their own midwives and traditions of birthing (Rooks, 2006). Changes in the legislation and the education system were eventually made in order to introduce midwifery and nursing education in the schools. The regulation of the profession was also set forth with the implementation of government control and management in the 1920s; these regulations have been modified throughout the years (Rooks, 2006). In the 1800s, birthings were attended mostly by midwives; the rest by physicians. Physicians soon replaced the role of midwives in the birthing when the former were made to undergo more training in the field of birthing. Hospitalizations of birthing mothers became one of the means adapted in order to improve the skills of birthing doctors. Gradually, the number of midwives trickled to a limited population with most of them being relegated to rural communities (Rooks, 2006). Nurse-midwifery however slowly made a rebirth in North America with the Frontier Nurs ing Service (FNS) founded in poor rural county Kentucky in 1925 (Rooks, 2006). It was founded by Mary Breckenridge who was a public health nurse with the Red Cross France. She was trained by British midwives in the birthing process and she used these skills to help poor families in Kentucky (Rooks, 2006). These nurse-midwives attended births only until the 1950s when the hospitals created midwifery services to assist in the post war baby-boom. In the 1960s, only about 70 nurse midwives were in practice. These nurse-midwives were however very much influential because they advocated family-centred maternity care and assisted in childbirth education; they also illustrated the importance of mother-baby rooming, the importance of encouraging breast... This paper approves that in order to ensure that the nurse and the midwife, as well as other health professionals are equipped to deal with the home health patients they would be monitoring, proper training and workshops must be set-up for them. These workshops and trainings would properly inform them of the inclusive details of their practice in relation to the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s needs. It would enhance their knowledge and skills; it would also serve to update their knowledge about postpartum care; and it would help focus their skills towards more specific patient needs. Through these staff trainings and workshops, they would be trained to know what to expect from their patients and the danger signs which may be associated with at-risk patients. This report makes a conclusion that this research very enlightening but also very much difficult. We had to convince ourselves to focus on the research and to ensure that we would be able to reach and fulfill the goals of this research. This process was tedious at times, but we understood that these were essential parts of the research. We were prompted many times to ask help from my fellow nurses in the reflection process. They were very helpful and they gave me strong and very insightful details about our research. We learned about the benefits of teamwork and coordination and of communicating with other health professionals, not just nurses. We found out that with proper and respectful coordination, the patient can benefit well from the improved practice and collaboration of health professionals. The referral process would be automatic and routine, to a point wherein the flow of communication would be seamless. This research assisted in the development of my analytical skills.